Alta Via dei Re
Alta Via dei Re

Alta Via dei Re

Archeology and history
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The Alta Via dei Re is one of the most challenging stages of the route: in the case of snow, often also in summer, the Brocan Hill and the Glacier Pass may require the use of ice axe and crampons. Many routes follow the old tracks of the Savoy hunting mule-tracks or military roads.
The trekking takes place for the most part at fairly high altitudes, through the crystalline massif of Argentera. Peaks of more than 3000 meters, dark rocks, wild valleys, dozens of glacial lakes and the typical alpine fauna (impossible not to cross chamois and ibex) are the setting for this fascinating trip.

6 points of interest
History and historical trail

The place name "Vallone della Meris"

The Vallone della Meris (or, in the masculine, the Vallone del Merìs, pronounced with an accent on the 'i', differently from the normal pronunciation) owes its name to its favorable exposure,"a meriggio", at the meridian, which provides warmth and light.

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History and historical trail

The place name "Chiot de la Sela"

This place, known as Chiot de la Sela, probably dervied its name from the past presence of a small "sella", a stone structure with a barrel vault, usually partially underground, which was used to store food). Chiot de la Sela was the location of the Royal Hunting Lodges, used by the Savoys when they hosted hunting parties in the Vallone della Meris.

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History and historical trail

The Valscura Barracks

Since the end of the eighteen hundreds(an inscription on the remains of a shelter reads "3° Compagnia Alpini, 1888") Lower Lake Valscura was chosen as the site where troops were garrisoned to defend the strategic pass of Bassa del Druos. Beginning in 1888, when barracks were erected to house 140 soldiers and two officers, for almost fifty years buildings were constructed on this site, until the entire complex was finally transformed into an armory, officially known as A131,containing munitions, explosives and artillery pieces.

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History and historical trail

The former military mule track "Valscura Barracks - Fremamorta Shelters"

The portion of the route that runs from Lower Lake Valscura to Lake Claus follows the former military mule track that linked Valscura and Fremamorta. The mule track is one of the best-preserved examples of the old military roads that ran through the Valle Gesso, as well as a true masterpiece of engineering. Realized sometime around the very first years of the nineteen hundreds, a decade prior to the start of the second world war, in 1929, it was preventively upgraded by the Dronero Battalion and maintained in perfect condition.
Over 10 km long, it never dips below an altitude of 2,000 meters and has a maximum incline of 18%. Portions of the road were skillfully paved with flagstones, still in place today.

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History and historical trail

The Remondino Refuge

The Refuge is named for Franco Remondino, Jr. Lieutenant of the Alpine Corps and budding local climber, who died during an ascent on the Rocca Gialeo. A half-barrel bivuoac shelter that sleeps 12 was erected in his memory and inaugurated in 1934. It was later decided to build a real refuge on the spot, in masonry, erected thanks mostly to the financial sponsorship of the Saluzzo Battalion of the Alpine Corps, the Taurinense Division of the Army Corps of Engineers and the 1st Airborne Brigade and inaugurated in 1965. Additional restructuring and extensions were completed in the year 2000.

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The Genova Figari Refuge

To valorize the hiking trails along the Argentera Massif, in the last years of the nineteenth century the Liguria chapter of CAI decided to build a refuge near the upper Gias del Monighet, in the Vallone della Rovina. The Genova Refuge, as it was named, was inaugurated on 15 August 1898.
But the fate of the first refuge in the Maritime Alps was definitively sealed in 1968: the reservoir of the new Chiotas dam would submerge it permanently. ENEL assumed the task of building another refuge, which was inaugurated in 1981.
The refuge is named for Bartolomeo Figari, who as Secretary General of CAI saw both the successful conquest of K2 and the birth of the National Alpine Rescue Corps, to which he bequeathed all his worldly goods.

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The Alta Via dei Re winds its way through seven stages in the Alpi Marittime Park.
It starts in Sant' Anna di Valdieri and ends in San Giacomo di Entracque. Nights are always held in shelters that offer accommodation and, on request, lunch baskets. To return to Sant' Anna, you can use the shuttle service (on call). The ideal period is from mid-July to mid-September, subject to the possibility of encountering snow even in early summer and beyond.
Departure : Sant'Anna di Valdieri (980 m)
Arrival : San Giacomo di Entracque (1209 m)
Towns crossed : Valdieri, Entracque

Altimetric profile


Carefully plan your excursion making sure you have favorable weather conditions to carry out a route in stages of considerable effort and development in high mountain territory.
Is in the midst of the park
The national park is an unrestricted natural area but subjected to regulations which must be known by all visitors.


Nuova Benese service company - Regular line Cuneo, Valdieri, Entracque - Telephone: 00 39 (0) 171 69 29 29 -

SNCF line TER Provence Alpes-Côte d'Azur For travel in the PACA region and towards Cuneo

Trenitalia for travel in the Piedmont region

Access and parking

From Borgo San Dalmazzo, climb the valley of Gesso. After Valdieri continue in the direction of Terme until Sant' Anna.

Parking :

S.Anna di Valdieri

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